O'Banion Model

The Original O'Banion Model

The Original O'Banion Model

In 1972 Dr. Terry O’Banion outlined a method of academic advising that incorporates five elements of the advising process:

Exploration of Life Goals
Exploration of Vocational Goals
Exploration of Program Choice
Exploration of Course Choice
Exploration of Scheduling Options
Basically there are certain skills, knowledge, and attitudes required by the personnel who provide advising services for students.

Life Goals Knowledge of student characteristics
understanding of decision- making process

knowledge of psychology and sociology

skills in counseling techniques

appreciation of individual differences

belief in worth & dignity of all men

belief that all have potential
Voc. Goals


Need all skills mentioned under Life Goals, plus knowledge of vocational fields
skill in interpretation of tests

understanding of changing nature of work in society

acceptance of all fields of work as worthy and dignified

Program Choice


Knowledge of programs available in the college
knowledge of requirements of programs (special entrance requirements, fees, time commitments)

knowledge of university requirements for transfer programs

knowledge of how others have per- formed in the program

knowledge of follow-up success of those who have completed the program

Course Choice


Knowledge of courses available
knowledge of any special information regarding courses (pre- requisites, offered only in certain times, transferability; does the course meet graduation requirements?…

rules and regulations of the college regarding probation and suspension, limit on course load (academic and work limitations)

knowledge of honors courses or remedial courses



Knowledge of schedule
knowledge of the systems of scheduling and changing the schedule

knowledge of work and commuting requirements

From "An Academic Advising Model" by Terry O’Banion,
AAJC Journal, March, 1972.